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Biological Science

Biological science is the study of life at its most fundamental level. The foundational areas of cell biology, genetics and molecular biology, physiology, biochemistry and developmental biology are mastered in the Biological Science program.

Students can study within the Bachelor of Science (Honours) Biological Science program, or choose to specialize in Environmental Toxicology, Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, or, for those interested in pursuing medical school or related health science careers, the Life Science specialization. Specializations have common courses during the first two years, allowing for flexibility and transfer between streams.

These programs have a co-op option, as well as extended and experiential learning opportunities, including a fourth-year undergraduate thesis and the five-year Science and Management program option.

Program options

  • Biological Science

    The Honours Biological Science program combines a comprehensive study of central topics in biology, with the flexibility to take elective courses in different science disciplines. Master the foundational areas of cell biology, genetics and molecular biology, physiology and biochemistry, while working with our science academic advisors to customize your degree to match your interests and career plans.

    Courses beyond the first year may include:

    • Animal Behaviour
    • Animal Physiology
    • Aquatic Ecology
    • Comparative Zoology
    • Conservation Biology
    • Infection and Immunity

    Potential career and advanced education opportunities include:

    • environmental protection
    • food industry
    • government or private research laboratory
    • pharmaceutical sector
    • secondary school teaching (through the university's Concurrent or Consecutive Education program)

    Admission requirements
    Program map 

  • Biological Science - Environmental Toxicology specialization

    Environmental toxicology is an interdisciplinary applied field that focuses on the effects of contaminants on the environment, and involves agriculture, health, industry and urban development. It combines a strong base in biology and chemistry with a focus on physiology, biochemistry, environmental science and environmental chemistry.

    Courses in the upper years of this specialization include:

    • Advanced Topics in Environmental Toxicology
    • Analytical Chemistry for Biosciences
    • Biostatistics
    • Developmental Biology
    • Environmental Chemistry
    • Environmental Risk Characterization
    • Instrumental Analytical Chemistry
    • Introduction to Environmental Research Methods

    Potential career and advanced education opportunities include:

    • environmental consulting
    • environmental regulation
    • health research
    • product development and safety testing
    • risk assessment

    Admission requirements
    Program map

  • Biological Science - Life Science specialization

    This specialization is well-suited if you are interested in medical school and related medical and health science careers. The emphasis is on human aspects of biology, providing an integrated grounding in the life sciences with a particular focus on biology and chemistry and additional course work in neuroscience and human anatomy. You will gain a detailed understanding of the structure and functioning of the human body, how the brain and nervous systems work, and what happens when the brain degenerates and becomes damaged or disorganized.

    By means of its broad science foundation and its human biology focus, this program provides an excellent basis for writing the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) examinations and for satisfying course requirements for applying to medical school.

    Courses in the upper years of this specialization include:

    • Animal Physiology
    • Biochemistry
    • Fundamentals of Neuroscience
    • Fundamentals of Nutrition
    • Human Anatomy
    • Neuropharmacology
    • Organic Chemistry
    • Principles of Pharmacology and Toxicology

    Potential career and advanced education opportunities include:

    • dentistry
    • medicine
    • pharmacy
    • public health

    Admission requirements
    Program map

  • Biological Science - Pharmaceutical Biotechnology specialization

    Biotechnology is a rapidly growing area with many applications in health, agriculture and industry. The Pharmaceutical Biotechnology specialization combines a primary emphasis on both biology and chemistry. You will build a strong understanding of cell and molecular biology, microbiology, immunology, biochemistry and physiology. Students in this specialization also benefit from enhanced laboratory experience.

    Courses in the upper years of this specialization include:

    • Advanced Biochemistry
    • Advanced Topics in Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
    • Analytical Chemistry for Biosciences
    • Animal Physiology
    • Applied Molecular Biology
    • Functional Genomics and Proteomics
    • Instrumental Analytical Chemistry
    • Laboratory Methods in Molecular Biology
    • Principles of Pharmacology and Toxicology

    Potential career and advanced education opportunities include:

    • biotechnology
    • clinical safety and regulation
    • medical science and discovery research
    • quality assurance
    • technical and instrument support

    Admission requirements
    Program map


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